- Time of issue:2020-11-21 09:48:40
Qianling Management office for xianyang municipal government institutions.
The Qianling tomb was built in 684 AD,and it took 23 years for the work to be completed.The momentum is magnificent.Qianling is located in Liangshan mountain,6 km north of Gan County,Xianyang City,Shaanxi Province.It was built in imitation of the Capital Changan.Liangshan is a conical limestone mountain with three peaks,of which the North peak is the highest,at 1,047.9 meters above sea level.Qianling is on the north peak.Liangshan south two peaks are lower,east-west confrontation,in the middle for sima Road,so the two peaks named Qianling"Milk Peak".According to historical records,the tomb had two walls,four gates,xiandian Que and many other magnificent buildings.The exploration shows that the inner city covers a total area of 2.4 million square meters.On the four sides of the wall were the Rosefinch Gate to the south,the Xuanwu Gate to the north,the Qinglong Gate to the east,and the White Humen to the west.Stepping on the stone steps from the Gate of Qianling Mausoleum,there are 537 steps,the height difference of which is 81.68 meters.After the steps is a wide and flat road to the"Tang Gaozong Mausoleum"monument,this road is"Sima Road".There are 1 pair of Huabei,1 pair of winged horse and 1 pair of ostrich,5 pairs of shima,10 pairs of Wengzhong and 2 steles on both sides.To the east is the tablet without word,to the west is the tablet of saint.There are 61 statues of Wang Bin,one pair of stone lions,and 17 surrounding tombs.The tomb of Emperor Gaozong of the Tang Dynasty,2 meters high,was erected for Emperor Gaozong by Bi Yuan,governor of Shaanxi Province.The original monument has been destroyed,but this one was rebuilt during the Reign of Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty.Another tombstone on the right front of the tablet is inscribed by Guo Moruo with 12 characters,"Tomb of Emperor Gaozong of tang Dynasty,Li Zhi,and The Emperor Of Heaven".In addition,outside the South gate,there are two stone carvings of the Emperor Gaozong and Empress Wu Zetian,namely The"Monument to The Saints"and"Tablet without Words",as well as 61 stone carvings of leaders of Chinese ethnic minorities and envoys of friendly countries who attended Gaozong's funeral.In Chinese history,the fixed system of the number,types and placement of stone carvings in front of tombs began from the Qianling Mausoleum and was extended to the Qing Dynasty,with similar changes throughout the ages.
There are 17 tombs in qianling tomb.Include prince tomb(ZhangHuai prince lee,YiDe prince li heavy embellish),the king's tomb three(jersey on gold,loses 2 wang Li Sujie,bin is 2 wang li),the princess tomb four(YiYang princess,princess xindu,anxing princess,princess yongtai),minister tomb eight(the king and the good Xue Yuanchao,Yang,liu on the ritual,bean Lu Qin at line,Liu Rengui,Li Jin,Gao Kan).From 1960 to 1971,five tombs with princess Yongtai,Crown Prince Zhang Huai,Crown Prince Yide,Zhongshu Ling Xue Yuanchao and Yan Duke Li Jinxing have been excavated,and more than 4,300 precious cultural relics have been unearthed.There are more than 100 splendid tomb murals,an absolute beauty in ancient China art gallery,"polo figure","the guest make the figure","bird catching cicada figure","the hunting map","ceremonial figure",such as murals,not only to study painting in the tang dynasty,but also for the study of tang dynasty architecture,costumes,customs and habits,physical activity,palace life,such as foreign exchanges has important value.
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